Election forensics is an emerging field of science which adopts statistical methods to verify authenticity of election results. It emerged as a collection of methods intended to detect election inaccuracies and diagnose attempted election fraud.

Effective information management and dissemination is the solid bedrock of any modern society today. INECs’ introduction of the PVC, ICT Card Readers, electronic accreditation, and the manual biometric voting process has enabled greater transparency in the electoral process for those with the skills to exploit these technologies. A thorough unabridged audit is now thus possible to aid petitions in Tribunals. Over time, trends in Nigeria have shown that forensic data analysis of ballot documents has revealed fraudulent activities in the medium of voting (ballot sheets) and in the uniqueness of the votes (fingerprint biometric data). Candidates from both the winning and losing parties of an election require forensic experts to either defend a declared election victory, or successfully contest an election defeat before a Tribunal.

Biosec Solutions is a Biometrics Institute™ certified organization that is run by a synergy of Nigerian consultants. We are well experienced in business management and modern enterprise software business practices. We have strongly contributed to the software revolution in Nigeria and have worked on both an individual and a collective basis on the automation of Ministries, Departments, and Agencies (MDAs) within the country and abroad. We are pleased to offer our vast competence and experience in conducting expert biometric and document forensic analysis.

We provide the following services:

Scanning of Ballot Papers


• We shall use industrial scanners to expediently scan and digitize all ballots used in the elections.
• This will serve as a precursor to lifting the fingerprints on them.

Forensic Audit of Fingerprint Biometric Data of Voters


• We shall apply advanced automatic biometric identification systems to ensure the uniqueness of fingerprint votes used in your elections. Duplicate and illegitimate votes shall be identified.

Forensic Audit of Ballot Papers


• We shall analyze ballots for possible residue deposited by invisible ink (using various chemical methods).
• We shall analyze ballot papers for pre-personalized information (watermarks) to determine.

Biometric Enrolment of Delegates


• We shall deploy certified biometric enrolment units to capture the fingerprints of delegates.

Nigerian Electoral Tribunal Cases Undertaken

States Districts/Constituency Description
Akwa Ibom State Gubernational Forensic analysis of ballot papers and biometric data at the Tribunal between
His Excellency Udom Emmanuel (PDP) and Mr. Umana Okon Umana (APC).
We critiqued the petitioner’s forensic report, causing it to be dismissed in court.
We conducted forensic analysis and established the true representation of votes
that were cast. Our client received a favorable ruling in the matter.
Akwa Ibom State Akwa Ibom North-West Senatorial District Forensic analysis of ballot papers and biometric data at the Tribunal between
Inibehe Mathew Okori (APC) and Chief Godswill Obot Akpabio (PDP).
We critiqued the petitioner’s forensic report, causing it to be dismissed in court.
We conducted forensic analysis and established the true representation of
votes that were cast. Our client received a favourable ruling in the matter.
Osun State Obokun / Oriade Federal Constituency Forensic analysis of ballot papers and biometric data at the Tribunal between
Honourable Wale Oke (PDP) and Hon Nathaniel Agunbiade (ACN). Multiple
voting was discovered and invalidated swinging the electoral result in favor of
our client.
Kano State Kano North Senatorial District Forensic examination of ballot papers and biometric data was conducted.
Irregularities were found with the documents and biometrics presented by the plaintiff.
The Tribunal upheld the INEC decision in favour of our client, the PDP candidate.
Kwara State Gubernatorial This process included physical examination, scanning and de-duplication of ballots for
multiple fingerprints.
Borno State Senatorial Involved in forensic examination for PDP in the election tribunal for senatorial elections in
the following constituencies:
  • • Gworza Constituency
  • • Magumeri Constituency
  • • Biu Constituency
  • • Bama Constituency
  • • Askira-Uba Constituency
  • • Bayo Constituency
  • • Monguno Constituency
  • • Kwaya Kusa Constituency
  • • Gubio Constituency
  • • Hawul Constituency
  • • Guzamala Constituency
  • • Mobbar Constituency
  • • Kala Baige Constituency
After the forensic examination, numerous multiple votes were discovered with ANPP votes.
The forensic report was defended at the tribunal and seven constituencies were won by the
PDP at the first tribunal.

Our Clients and Affiliates